Category Archives: Swift

Test With Swift

I have recently passed a sort of tipping point where I’m indulging more and more in Swift for new code that I add to my projects. There are some instances where I will still create a new class in Objective C, primarily where I anticipate the need for dynamic runtime hijinx that might be more complicated in Swift. In general though, I’m opting for Swift. Finally.

There are many reasons to remain gun-shy about Swift, and I don’t fault anybody too much for choosing to continue forestalling the transition. I’ve spoken with many people who are as tentative as I was or moreso. Some of our collective reasons for waiting may sound familiar to you:

Swift …

  • … is not mature.
  • … requires adding bloated libraries to the app.
  • … presents an impedance mismatch with existing Cocoa design patterns.
  • … is still too risky for production code.

I don’t agree with all of these rationale, especially now that I’ve decided to dive in myself. However, they make a good basis for the argument I’d like you to consider: you should write all new unit tests in Swift.

For many of us who spent years developing a vast collection of Objective-C based classes, it does seem daunting to transition to a new language. But unit tests are different from “regular code” in a number of ways that make them a suitable place to start delving into Swift:

Unit tests …

  • Don’t ship to customers.
  • Can be as bloated as you like.
  • Test the exposed interfaces of classes more than the internal design.
  • Are not technically production code.

I’m sure somebody will argue that tests are so vital to the development process, that they are the last place one should invest in risky technology. I guess what I’m urging you to believe is that Swift is no longer risky technology. It’s not longer coming, it’s here. We will serve ourselves well to adopt it as quickly as practical. And those of us who are daunted by the challenge incorporating it into our existing, Objective-C heavy source bases, have a perfect opportunity in unit testing to get our feet wet while establishing a Swift source base that will live on well into the future. After all, your unit tests should, in theory, outlive any specific implementations of your shipping code.

The Seven Stages of Swift

For all except the newest members of our Apple development community, the arrival of Swift is something that has to be reconciled against our previous and ongoing relationship with Objective-C. This handy reference will help to guide you through this journey. Where do fall in the spectrum? How you will advance to the final stage?

Shock and Disbelief

Apple announced a new programming language? They didn’t. They couldn’t. This is not WWDC. That’s not Tim Cook. The world is upside down! Why is John Siracusa smiling?

Denial

Swift is not even a real programming language. I mean, it’s not replacing Objective-C. I mean, It’s not meant for real Cocoa programmers. I mean, it’s just Apple trying to satisfy those … weird programmers who like buzzwords! Objective-C is here to stay.

Anger

Oh crap, Swift is replacing Objective-C! Arrrrrrrggghhh! Why, Apple!? WTF? Where’s Objective-C 3.0? You’re killing Objective-C?! I love Objective-C. Die in a garbage collected fire!!!

Bargaining

I suppose Swift might be useful someday. Support for dynamic message dispatch is a start. If Apple gives me just one more Objective-C feature, I’ll give it a shot.

Guilt

Ugh. I should really start learning about Swift one of these days! What is wrong with me?

Depression

Who cares? I could learn Swift, but what’s the point? My Objective-C skills are useless. Dot notation won. I feel this inexplicable weight in my arms. Static types are hanging from my arms. I can’t move my arms. Our apps are all going to die someday.

Acceptance and Hope

Holy crap, Swift made this so easy! Maybe I like Swift? I mean, I still love Objective-C, but I don’t love love it. Maybe we needed a new language. Maybe we were aching for a new language. Maybe we needed more buzzwords.

I like buzzwords.

(Why is John Siracusa smiling?)